Types of Domestic Violence
Domestic violence is an epidemic affecting individuals in every community regardless of age, economic status, sexual orientation, gender identity, race, religion, or nationality. There are a number of forms of domestic violence, including:
- Physical abuse: Includes any intentional act that causes injury or trauma through bodily contact, such as beating, slapping, punching, kicking, and choking/strangling.
- Verbal abuse: Uses speech as an act of violence to decrease the victim's self-confidence and adds to feelings of helplessness. Some examples include name-calling, insulting, making threats, or blaming.
- Emotional abuse: Subtle and difficult to detect, emotional abuse erodes the victim's self-esteem and creates psychological dependency on the abuser. Some tactics include insulting, gaslighting, and blaming.
- Sexual abuse: Unwanted sexual activity, with abusers using force, making threats, or taking advantage of victims not able to give consent. Examples include sexual harassment, sexual assault, or coercions.
- Financial abuse: Occurs when the abuser controls the victim's access to economic resources by restricting access to finances, preventing victims from working, and spending the victim's money without their knowledge.
- Digital abuse: Use of technology to harass, stalk, or intimidate the victim using tactics like monitoring the victim's whereabouts, looking through through the victim's phone/computer, and constantly texting/calling/messaging.
- Reproductive coercion: A form of power and control where the abuser strips the victim of the ability to control their own reproductive system. Tactics include sabotaging birth control, forcing pregnancy or abortions, and lying about methods of birth control.
If you're in an abusive relationship and need support, call our 24/7 Greater Charlotte Hope Line today: 980.771.4673.